I find myself agreeing strongly with many things said above. Especially that New Media is a formation of Art meeting Technology. The music example that Linda gave mirrored one of the first things that came to mind for me. I thought instantly of Marilyn Manson and his remake of a song from the Disney Movie “A Nightmare before Christmas”. Manson’s style highlighted the song and formed a memorable song that was just as good as the original.
Original (Danny Elfman): Past the talking the song starts
The other example that was used by others was from our Art History Class which quickly came to mind considering the current topic for that class is the Renaissance. The formation of perspective, humanism and classical styles in painting was the big one that hit me. Artists began their careers in the Renaissance by training under a master using one of the two methods to learn.
The first was Imitation, this was where they started. “Italian Renaissance artists believed that the best way to learn was to copy the work of masters.” The second is Emulation, “which involved modeling one’s art after that of another artist.” But the text then goes on to say “an artist used features of another’s art only as a springboard for improvements or innovations.” Artists would then attempt to expand the skills they learned following a master with their own ideas—which were generally constructed having viewed other masters art. The student would subconsciously mix styles based on their experiences.
Despite this result, the people of the Renaissance also thought that this hybrid of art was not a good thing since they failed to recognize it as completely as they could have. In a quote found in the text it was said that taking in the art of more then one master would not allow you to “acquire the style of either one or the other, and you will inevitably, through enthusiasm, become capricious, because each style will be distracting your mind.
Naturally, I disagree with the people who believed this. I believe if you get inspired by the style of many artists it allows you to recognize different aspects of art and pull them together to form a greater knowledge and a hybrid style of art.
I do find that today it is hard to be original in an art style but with technology expanding, forming art with technology or art with science, etc as was mentioned, is a great way of forming unique hybrids that at least give a feel of originality. I consider the fusion of two ideas or styles (or both) to be a unique experience but not originality in all sense of the word.
According to Dictionary.com, Originality is the “ability to think or express oneself in an independent and individual manner” or as a “freshness or novelty, as of an idea, method, or performance.” Since it is the borrowing and fusion of two methods or ideas that have already been accomplished, I find that the true originality is lost in the borrowing of those already existing ideas.
I think that a hybrid can be formed in so many ways that have been mentioned, but also formed of many more than just two sources. If you can form a new art style that has a basis on Formalism and Neoimpressionism—and has been considered a type of expressionism, it is a hybrid of the three; containing more than just the two parenting styles. The style Fauvism—even if it was short lived.
The installations by New Media artists are often hybrids of art and another source; be it carpentry, technology or even just the combination of science or geography with art to form the piece. In Susan’s class we looked at some of the installations that were completed by her and some other artists. One of them kept track of the markets all across the world. It is a hybrid of art with the marketing as it contains the concepts of one and the style of another. To add to that it has a technical aspect so technology is also thrown in the mix. So again you have a hybrid with more than two parenting sources. With so many attributes to borrow from other styles, hybridity has an infinite number of possibilities.
Kleinner, Fred S. Art through the Ages: Thirteenth Edition. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning: Bosten, MA.
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