New media was brought into creation due to developments in computing, which has made new media dependent on technology. But this medium is not only limited to computers, which is why the term “new media” is so fitting for this medium. The vague title “new media” allows for infinite possibilities and interpretations, which is exactly what new media is. Since new media is dependent on technology and the rate that technology is changing, makes new media an ever-changing medium.
The suggestion of “new” media implies that it has replaced “old” media. But that is not the case, much like the radio and television, coexist together. This coexistence allows for more diversity between the two medias. The main differences between new and old media is that old media is static and only allows the audience to be a passive viewer, while new media is dynamic and allows the viewer to choose, create and change it’s products to their own preferences.
New media can usually be divided up into five categories. The first one being digital, which is analogue media converted into the form of digital data. New media can be interactive, where the user becomes the producer and consumer while seeing the effects in real time. It can also be hypertext, which links documents are linked together to create a pathway through information, such as the World Wide Web. The medium also causes dispersal, which changes people’s perception and experience of time, space and place both on a global and a local level. Then finally virtual, where simulation of reality is produced.
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Dewdney, Andrew and Ride, Peter. The New Media Handbook. New York: Routledge, 2006.
Dovey, Jon, Seth Giddings, Iain Grant, Kieran Kelly, and Martin Lister. New Media: a critical introduction. London: Routledge, 2003
Flew, Terry. New Media: an introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.