What is New Media?
New Media is a term meant to encompass the emergence of digital, computerized, or networked information and communication technologies in the later part of the 20th century. We can no longer imagine our daily lives without media and communication technologies, nor would we want to. The concept that new methods of communicating in the digital world allow smaller groups of people to congregate online and share, sell and swap goods and information. It also allows more people to have a voice in their community and in the world in general. New media is also a generic term for the many different forms of electronic communication that are made possible through the use of computer technology. The term is in relation to “old” media forms, such as print newspapers and magazines, that are static representations of text and graphics. New media includes:
• Web sites
• Streaming audio and video
• Chat rooms
• Online communities
• Web advertising
• DVD and CD-ROM media
• Virtual reality environments
• Integration of digital data with telephone, such as Internet telephony
• Digital camera
• Mobile camera
New Media Art has often be criticized for having “no solid theoretical foundation”. This is partly because so many new forms seem to defy traditional classification. For example, is game design a form of art, a field of computer science, or a kind of literary narrative? Many of the recent objections to games as an art form have to do with content. In academia, painting has both beautiful and controversial examples through history, yet games have struggled more to achieve academic status. This may be due in part to its interdisciplinary nature.
The New Media Institute (NMI) is a research and fact finding organization whose mission is to improve public understanding of issues surrounding the Internet and other forms new media communications. NMI works directly with the news media, researchers, academics, government and industry professionals and serves as a primary resource of facts, statistics and analysis.
More Americans get their news today from cable television news than from the nightly network news programs. Additionally, the proportion of Americans who read online news at least three days per week has increased ten-fold over the last eight years. These new media sources – primarily cable and Internet sources – are transforming how the public obtains and interprets political news.
Young People and New Media: Childhood and the changing media environment. Sonia Livingstone, London: Sage Publications, 2002
The Effects of New Media Coverage On Institutional Evaluations, Richard Forgette
What is New Media Art?